What Is an AS9100 Certification?

 

Developed by the International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG), the AS9100 is an international quality management certification. Material suppliers that wish to serve the Aviation, Space and Defense (AS&D) industry must attain this certification to prove the high level of competence required by the industry. AS9100 applies to both military and civil businesses.

 

The standard is accepted worldwide, with different parts of the world having their own numbering systems, but crucially, they all prove the same level of competence. Whether a company is made up of thousands of individuals or just one person, it will require the AS9100 to provide supplies to the aerospace industry.

 

However, just because a company could theoretically consist of one person doesn’t mean the certification is attained on an individual level. The AS9100 is a company-wide certification, meaning that it can only be acquired and applied to a company. So, if Darrel is the sole owner and employee of ABCD Inc. and earns the certification, Darrel isn’t certified, ABCD Inc. is.

 

Becoming AS9100 certified also means earning an ISO 9001 certification along the way. The reason is that the AS9100 is an extension of the ISO 9001 with an additional focus on aerospace regulations. So, companies that achieve an AS9100 will be qualified in multiple quality management systems.

 

Finally, the AS9100 certification is not a standard of product quality. Rather, it’s a standard of the processes taken to ensure a quality, consistent product. To attain the certification, a company must prove its ability to remeasure and reassess a product during the construction phase, ensuring uniformity among mass-produced items. The certificate may not focus on product quality, but the end result is the same.

 

Why Must a Plastics Machining Facility Be AS9100 Certified?
 

 
The quick and easy answer is that the certification is required by many aerospace manufacturers. If a plastics machining facility wishes to do business in this industry, attaining the certificate is an entry-level requirement.

 

The longer answer is that several large aerospace entities endorse the certification. Some of these groups include the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). To become an official supplier to any of these entities, a plastics machining facility Must have the certification.

 

But why do these institutions require the certification? Jet fighters, satellites, and especially spaceships need the highest level of precision engineering to accomplish their tasks; creating plastic components to such exacting standards isn’t easy. So, every stage of the creation process, all the way down to the small plastic materials, must go through a strenuous quality management system to ensure a low-risk management level for the final product.

 

What About AIP Precision Machining Allows Us to Achieve an AS9100 Certification?

 

 
We’ve made it no secret that precision machining is vital to who we are as a company. So much so that we’ve put it in our name! With AIP Precision Machining, you’re investing in a partner that not only understands the needs of the industry but has the decades of experience needed to perfect the processes that go into creating the perfect components.

 

With the regulatory requirements being as stringent as they are, there is no room for the kind of mistakes human factors tend to introduce to the manufacturing process. That’s why we involve several quality control checks in line with AS9100’s requirements during the creation process to guarantee the level of service quality expected from us.

 

We’ve satisfied several aerospace and defense industry requirements in the past, so we know the kind of qualities these industries need in their components. Our highly trained engineers, machinists, and programmers have been specially trained to create components with the types of qualities aerospace and defense organizations look for:

 

  • Lightweight
  • Durable
  • Extreme Temperature Resistance
  • And much more.

 

At AIP Precision Machining, product and service quality assurance is the norm for our customers and ourselves. We are proud to offer the aerospace industry our services in machining quality components. We have proven time and again that we are quick to deliver, cost-effective, and, more often than not, surpass customer satisfaction. Our safe and reliable products meet all statutory and regulatory requirements and are guaranteed to help see your project through to the end.

 

To contact us, call our main office at (386) 274-5335 or visit our website to schedule a consultation. With AIP, you have a manufacturing partner you can rely on.

   

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

Few industries require precision and reliability as much as the medical industry. When lives are literally on the line, you can’t risk the chance of arming medical professionals with equipment that’s anything less than perfect.

 

There’s also the burden of choice to deal with. The medical device industry has seen plastics soaring in use due to their numerous benefits, but it’s those same qualities that can make them so frustrating to machine. Choosing the best possible polymer for your needs requires trained professionals that know the options like the back of their hands.

 

So who can you trust? The search for a high-quality polymer manufacturer begins and ends with AIP.

 

Plastic Components Machined to Perfection

 

We at AIP pride ourselves on the level of precision we can achieve when manufacturing polymers for the health care industry. We work at the highest levels state-of-the-art machinery will provide, allowing us to construct medical components within ten-thousandths of an inch precision. With quality checks completed after every stage of the development process, we can guarantee a quality product every time.

 

Reusable Medical Plastics

 

An unfortunate byproduct of increased plastics in the medical industry is the expanding weight of medical waste. As creators of polymer materials, we’re especially conscious of unnecessary waste, which is why our materials are built to last.

 

Our high-performance precision plastic parts offer the medical industry all the advantages of metal, along with the crucial ability to withstand repeated autoclave sterilization sessions. Furthermore, many of our polymers have a low coefficient of friction, making the steaming process faster, and putting them back in the hands of medical professionals more efficiently.

 

Quality Assured

Precision and reliability go hand in hand, and we consider precision important enough to put it in our name. That’s why our materials are put through a quality check through every step of the creation process. But we go one step further than the competition.

 

Many polymer manufacturers double as metal producers, and they tend to create their products together in the same warehouse. The problem is that many of the ingredients used to treat metal are hazardous to the structural integrity of plastics. If they mix, the plastic’s lifespan falls to only a short few months before premature cracks begin to show.

 

We decided long ago that the risk to your product’s quality wasn’t worth it. Our main production facility specializes in polymers, removing the threat of metal contamination entirely from the equation. All our clients consider reliability vital, but when creating components for medical devices, there’s an increased ethical onus on us to build an exceptional product, and we respect that.

 

The Many Roles Medical Grade Plastics Must Fill

 

While there are several kinds of medical-grade polymers, the choices skyrocket when you consider that each has dozens of different grades suited to specific tasks. Crucially, they must all be safe for human contact, but some of the other qualities our polymers can satisfy are:

 

  • Radiolucency
  • Corrosion Protection
  • Extreme Tolerance (up to 0.002 mm)
  • High Dielectric Strength
  • Sterilization Compatibility
  • Lightweight Properties
  • Extreme Thermal Performance
  • Extreme Chemical Resistance
  • Extreme Low Friction

 

Our materials are relied upon in some of the most delicate medical applications. Surgical instruments, orthopedic equipment, even spinal and dental implants utilize our medical-grade plastic parts.

 

 

The Materials and Their Qualities

With each plastic boasting different strengths and weaknesses, you need to know which one will suit your needs the best. Some of our options include:

 

  • PEEK – One of the most diverse materials, thanks to its many different grades; it boasts high strength and excellent resistance to chemicals, steam, and abrasion. PEEK is frequently utilized in both medical implants and instruments.
  • PPSU (Polyphenylsulfone) – Extremely tough and able to withstand nearly unlimited sessions of steam autoclave sessions. PPSU is the perfect material to make reusable medical instruments with.
  • UHMW-PE (Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene) – Significantly higher impact strength and abrasion resistance compared to most plastics on the market. Its low coefficient of friction due to its self-lubricating, non-stick surface makes it a great candidate for hip and knee joint replacement components

 

Ease of Access and the Cost-Efficient Choice

 

With Covid placing an incredible weight on material transportation, many metals and other materials have become difficult or simply too expensive to get a hold of. Polymers don’t suffer the same difficulties, as they can be readily manufactured anywhere in the world and remain cost-effective.

 

 

By utilizing more plastic materials in your medical equipment, you safeguard your business against strained supply lines and expensive materials, allowing you to keep your costs and your prices below the competition.

 

AIP Is Here for Your Medical Plastic Needs

 

AIP is registered with the FDA and ISO 13485:2016 certified. Our plastics are processed with the strictest hygienic procedures, and these quality assurance procedures ensure you’ll receive the exact materials you need for the job. We’re proud to be of service to health care providers by playing a part in the tools they use.

 

To contact us, call our main office at (386) 274-5335 or visit our website to schedule a consultation. With AIP, you have a manufacturing partner you can rely on.

   

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

An Informational Brief on Polymer Machining

 

Known for its ease of machining, coloring and adaptability to additives, ABS is a versatile performance thermoplastic.  While it may be used in household toys, it is also used for mission critical applications like electrical insulators and automotive interior and exterior parts.

 

AIP has over 37 years of experience machining complex components from thermoplastics like Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS).  In this insightful technical brief, we will discuss what goes into machining ABS and how it differs from other manufacturing options such as metal machining, injection molding, and 3D printing.

 

Properties of ABS

 

Machinists should keep data on the properties of the thermoplastics they use.  This aids in selecting the right material for a project.  Also, it helps determine if the material is a good candidate for the end-use.  Below are some of the key characteristics of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS):

 

Key Properties

  • Impact resistance
  • Chemical resistance
  • Ideal electrical insulator with added moisture resistance
  • Good strength and stiffness
  • Platable grades
  • Excellent aesthetic qualities
  • Colorable
  • Various gloss levels (Matte to High Gloss)

 

Description

ABS is one of the most common thermoplastic polymers manufactured. It is relatively cheap compared to other performance thermoplastics, such as, PEEK or VESPEL.

 

It provides good mechanical properties, including, impact resistance, toughness and rigidity compared to other common polymers. It is also easy to modify with additives to improve any of its properties. It is often a polymer of choice where aesthetics and color are concerned, since its natural color is translucent ivory to white. Pigments and additives are often added to this resin to improve the qualities based on the project needs.

 

Two major categories could be ABS for extrusion and ABS for injection molding, then high and medium impact resistance. Generally, ABS would have useful characteristics within a temperature range from −20 to 80 °C (−4 to 176 °F). As an amorphous polymer, it does not have a true melting point.

 

The table below displays an overview of the material properties, units and values for machining ABS:

 

Material PropertyUnitsValue
Tensile Elongation at Break @73 F%20
Flexural Modulus of Elasticity @ 73 Fpsi340000
Tensile Modulus of Elasticity @ 73 Fpsi346000
Flexural Strength @ 73 Fpsi9300
Specific Gravity @73 FASTM D7921.04
Tensile Strength @73 F, (ult)/(yld)psi5500 (ult)
Notched Izod Impact @73 Fft-lb/in of notch7.0
Heat Deflection Temperature @ 264 psiF220
Flammability RatingUL94HB(6.10mm)
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion @73 Fin/in/F5.2E-05
Dielectric Strength, Short TermVolts/mil450
Water Absorption, Immersion, 24 hours
Water Absorption, Saturation
% by weight
% by weight
0.30
0.70

 

Applications of ABS

 

ABS is mostly found in a wide variety of consumer products. Some of which include – Legos®, recorders and other musical instruments, golf club heads, household vacuums, and so on. ABS is a household staple for many consumer goods.

 

It also finds several end-use applications in the industrial sector. Applications include – automotive trim and components, inhalers, tendon prostheses, drug-delivery system tracheal tubes, enclosures for electrical and electronic assemblies, protective headgear and more.

 

Common Applications

  • Structural components
  • Automotive interior and exterior parts
  • Medical devices
  • Electrical components and assemblies
  • Toys
  • Housings/covers
  • Kitchen appliances

 

AIP Machining Capabilities: Unrivaled Expertise

 

Our close ties with the industry’s leading plastics manufacturers give us even further insight and access to technical help in material selection, sizing and manufacturing procedures. If you are looking for a trademarked material for your project, we have a host of material bases available for expert machining. Whatever your application, our machinists can help you in material selection, sizing and manufacturing techniques from concept to completion.

 

Our Suppliers

 

Machining ABS

 

Annealing ABS

As with any CNC machined part, annealing and stress-relieving is crucial to the machining process. Coolants, lubricants and trained procedures prevent cracking and crazing in a precision machined component. We recommend slow heating and cooling during the annealing process of thermoplastics. This reduces the chances of these stresses occurring from the heat generating during machining polymers like ABS. Our AIP machinists use computer controlled annealing ovens for the highest quality precision temperatures and time control. .

 

Machining ABS

PVC can be injection molded, extruded or thermoformed.  At AIP, we CNC machine compounded PVC.  For the best results, use sharp tools, avoid excessive clamping and cutting forces and use coolants to prevent overheating.  We recommend non-aromatic, water-soluble coolants because they are most suitable for ideal surface finishes and close tolerances. These include pressurized air and spray mists. Coolants also preserve and extend the life of tools.  These guidelines are general and are not a substitute for a conversation with your machinist.  For further information, speak to a CNC machinist at AIP to get specific machining information on PVC and other performance thermoplastics.

 

Although it is often blow molded, ABS can be CNC machined and milled for precision parts. ABS is manufactured in a variety of grades, but for precision machining of ABS structural parts, it is recommended to use Machine Grade ABS. For the best results, use sharp tools, avoid excessive clamping and cutting forces and use coolants to prevent overheating. We recommend non-aromatic, water-soluble coolants because they are most suitable for ideal surface finishes and close tolerances. These include pressurized air and spray mists. Coolants have the additional benefit of extending tool life as well.

 

Some companies machine both metals and plastics, which has detrimental outcomes for machined polymer products. Many past experiences have shown parts going to customer without cracks, only to develop surface cracks and warping over time due to exposure to metal machine shop fluids. Be sure to use a facility like AIP that only machines polymers.

 

Preventing Contamination

Contamination is a serious concern when machining polymer components for technically demanding industries such as aerospace and medical sciences. To ensure the highest level of sanitation down to the sub-molecular level, AIP Precision Machining designs, heat-treats, and machines only plastics with any sub-manufactured metalwork processed outside our facility. This allows us to de-risk the process from metallic cross contamination.

 

ABS Machining Guide: Supportive Information

 

Quality Assurance Certifications
Miscellaneous Materials

 

How will the heat from your machining project affect your project? Make sure to talk to your machinist about the CLTE of your machined part.

 

Read Our Blog
 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

What is HDT?

 

The Heat Deflection Temperature (HDT), or Heat Distortion Temperature, is a measure of a polymer’s resistance to alteration under a given load at an elevated temperature.  It is also known as the ‘deflection temperature under load’ (DTUL) or ‘heat deflection temperature under load (HDTUL)’.  Basically, it tests the stiffness of a material as the temperature increases.

 

It is the temperature at which a polymer test bar will be bent at 0.25 mm under a given weight.  It is one of the two basic test methods for assigning a value to the performance of a plastic at high temperature.  The 0.25mm value is arbitrary and does not have any significant meaning.

 

Why is HDT significant?

 

As with any machined part, during the design phase, it is critical for a machinist to know how a material will react to heat produced while machining occurs.  Tools produce heat when they come in contact with materials and plastics have a tendency to move with heat.  In order to get a finished product with the right dimensions and tolerances, it is important to understand the heat deflection temperature of a given polymer.

 

Other reasons include:

  • HDT represents a value which can be used to compare different materials with each other
  • It is applied in product design, engineering and manufacture of products using thermoplastic components
  • A higher HDT temperature means a faster molding process in injection molding processes

 

Tests to Measure Heat Deflection Temperatures of Plastics

 

The American Society for Testing and Materials, or ASTM, standard for measuring HDT is called ASTM D 648; this standard is equivalent to the ISO 75.

 

The two common loads used in heat deflection testing are:

  • 46 MPa (67 psi) – this load is usually for softer grades of plastic like polyethylene (PE) or LDPE.
  • 8 MPa (264 psi) – this load is used for more durable grades of plastic like PEEK or polycarbonate (PC).

 

There are tests performed at higher loads such as 5.0 MPa (725 psi) or 8.0 MPa (1160 psi), but we won’t discuss them in this brief.

 

Limitations that are associated with the determination of the HDT is that the sample is not thermally isotropic and, in thick samples in particular, will contain a temperature gradient.

 

During the ASTM D 648 test, a testing rod made of the selected polymer is placed on an apparatus like the one in the diagram below.

 

 

 

Source: SEKISUI Polymer Innovation
 

The bar is molded a specific thickness and width.  The sample is then submerged in oil while the temperature incrementally increases (usually about 2 oC per minute).  The constant applied force, or load, is pressed to the midpoint of the test bar.  The temperature at which a bar of material is deformed 0.25mm is recorded as the HDT.

 

HDT at 1.8 Mpa (264 psi) Values for Common Polymers

 

 

Polymer NameMin Value (o C)Max Value (o C)
ABS – Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene88100
PA – Nylon Polyamide, 66 30% Glass Fiber230255
PAI – Polyamide-Imides (TORLON)275280
PBI – Polybenzimidazole (CELAZOLE)426.6
PC – Polycarbonate, high heat140180
PE – Polyethylene, 30% glass fiber121121
PEEK – Polyetheretherketone150160
PEI – Polyetherimide (ULTEM)190200
PP – Polypropylene (30-40% Glass fiber-reinforced)125140
PP – Polypropylene Homopolymer/Copolymer5060
PS – Polystyrene, high heat85100
PSU – Polysulfone160174
PTFE – Polytetrafluorethylene4550
PVC – Polyvinyl chloride, rigid5475
PVDF – Polyvinylidene fluoride (KYNAR)50125

 

Factors That Influence HDT

 

The HDT gives a short-term performance under load at elevated temperatures for a polymer by measuring the effect of temperature on stiffness.  Yet, this is only an estimate and should not be used to predict how the final part or component will perform.

 

Other factors will significantly influence the final thermal performance of an application.

 

These factors include:

  • The time of exposure to elevated temperature
  • The rate of temperature increase
  • The part geometry

 

The HDT measure for a specific polymer grade also depends on the base resin and the presence of reinforcing agents, fillers or plasticizers.

 

For instance, in the chart above, the homopolymer or copolymer of polypropylene has a HDT value range of 50-60 oC. Compare that value to the 30-40% glass-fiber reinforced grade of polypropylene, which is more than double the temperature (125-140 oC).  A factor like this would influence the material choice for a designer wanting to use polypropylene for the end use product.

 

A combination of additives will always have a different effect on the HDT and the performance of a polymer overall.

 

  • Reinforced and filled grades have a higher HDT (harder and stiffer under the heat)
  • Plasticizers decrease HDT by making the polymer softer and more flexible

 

AIP:  Unmatched Precision.  Unrivaled Experience

 

Data charts can give you the heat deflection temperature, glass transition and other values.  However, a chart can give a general idea of these values, but an entire data set with the curve of a material is the best way to determine the right material for your project.

 

Be sure to work with a plastics machining company that can provide you a wide range of data on the HDT and other values of polymers and composites.  Your machinist will be able to give you a detailed response on how the heat deflection temperature will affect your project’s design and functionality.  Talk to one our engineers at AIP about your project design, and we will work with you to provide unrivaled expertise from your project’s initial concept to completion.

 

Supporting Materials

Certifications and Technical Data Resources

 

Learn more about the material properties we consider when
working on a precision plastics machining project.

 

Read our blog on the CUT of Polymers
 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

An Informational Brief on Polymer Machining

 

PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, is a rigid material that exhibits high corrosion resistance, high chemical resistance, low moisture absorption and excellent dielectric strength.  These qualities make it a choice material for a wide range of industries, including:  medical devices, industrial/construction components and everyday household items.  It is the world’s third largest thermoplastic material by volume only after polyethylene and polypropylene.

 

AIP has over 37 years of experience machining complex components from thermoplastics like PVC.  In this insightful technical brief, we will discuss what goes into machining PVC and how it differs from other manufacturing options such as metal machining, injection molding, and 3D printing.

 

Properties of PVC

 

All machine shops should keep data on the properties of the thermoplastics and materials they use.  The data helps in selecting the right material for a project and a material’s suitability for the end-use product.  Below are some of the key characteristics of PVC:

 

Key Properties

  • Good insultation
  • Dielectric strength
  • Durable
  • Flame Retardant
  • Low maintenance and long life span
  • Abrasion resistant
  • Light-weight
  • Chemical resistance

 

Description

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or vinyl) is a highly durable thermoplastic material.  It is versatile and economical for applications in medical, construction, industrial and consumer end use markets.

 

PVC has excellent dielectric strength which makes it a good insultation material.  It is also resistant to weathering, chemical rotting, corrosion, shock and abrasion – therefore, a preferred material choice for long-life and outdoor products.  PVC is resistant to all inorganic chemicals. It has very good resistance against diluted acids, diluted alkalis and aliphatic hydrocarbons. Attacked by ketones; some grades swollen or attacked by chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons, esters, some aromatic ethers and amines, and nitro- compounds.

 

It is available in two forms – rigid and flexible – but it is often mixed with additives to enhance properties and improve machineability.

 

The table below displays an overview of the material properties, units and values for machining PVC Gray Type 1:

 

Material PropertyUnitsValue
Tensile Elongation at Break @73 F%
Flexural Modulus of Elasticity @ 73 Fpsi455000
Tensile Modulus of Elasticity @ 73 Fpsi392000
Flexural Strength @ 73 Fpsi
Specific Gravity @73 FASTM D7921.43
Tensile Strength @73 F, (ult)/(yld)psi7300 (yld)
Notched Izod Impact @73 Fft-lb/in of notch0.7
Heat Deflection Temperature @ 264 psiF169
Flammability RatingUL94
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion @73 Fin/in/FE-831(TMA)
Dielectric Strength, Short TermVolts/mil
Water Absorption, Immersion, 24
Water Absorption, Saturation
% by weight
% by weight

 

Applications of PVC

 

PVC comes in two general forms – rigid and flexible.  However, it can be combined with several different materials to enhance its qualities for use in a range of applications from medical devices to industrial construction components.  Here is a list of the most common applications:

 

Common Applications

 

ApplicationRigid PVCFlexible PVC
ConstructionWindow Frames, Pipes, House Siding, Ports, RoofingWaterproof Membranes, Cable Insultations, Roof Lining, Greenhouses
DomesticCurtain Rails, Drawer Sides, aminates, Audio and Videotape Cases, RecordsFlooring, Wall Coverings, Shower Curtains, Leather Cloth, Hosepipes
PackagingBottles, Blister Packs, Transparent Packs and PunnetsCling Film
TransportCar Seat BacksUnder Seal, Roof Linings, Leather Cloth Upholstery, Wiring Insultation, Window Seals, Decorative Trim
MedicalOxygen Tents, Bags and Tubing For Blood Transfusions, Drips and Dialysis Liquids
ClothingSafety EquipmentWaterproofs for Fishermen and Emergency Services, Life-Jackets, Shoes, Aprons and Baby Pants
ElectricalInsultation pipes, jacketing, electricity distribution boxes, switches, transparent distributor box housings, plug housings and battery terminalsCable and wire insultation, plugs, cable jackets, sockets, sable heads and distributors
OtherCredit Cards, Traffic SignageConveyor Belts, Inflatables, sports goods, toys, garden hoses

 

AIP Machining Capabilities: Unrivaled Expertise

 

Our close ties with the industry’s leading plastics manufacturers give us even further insight and access to technical help in material selection, sizing and manufacturing procedures.  If you are looking for a trademarked material for your project, we have a host of material bases available for expert machining.  Whatever your application, our machinists can help you in material selection, sizing and manufacturing techniques from concept to completion.

 

Machining PVC

 

Annealing PVC

Annealing and stress-relieving prevents cracking and crazing in a precision machined component with lubricants, cooling agents and trained procedures.  We recommend slow heating and cooling during the annealing process of thermoplastics.  This reduces the chances of these stresses occurring from the heat generating during machining polymers like PVC.  Our AIP machinists use computer controlled annealing ovens for the highest quality precision temperatures and time control.  If you have a specific question about the annealing process for PVC or other thermoplastics, our machinists at AIP can provide an in-depth consultation.

 

Machining PVC

PVC can be injection molded, extruded or thermoformed.  At AIP, we CNC machine compounded PVC.  For the best results, use sharp tools, avoid excessive clamping and cutting forces and use coolants to prevent overheating.  We recommend non-aromatic, water-soluble coolants because they are most suitable for ideal surface finishes and close tolerances. These include pressurized air and spray mists. Coolants also preserve and extend the life of tools.  These guidelines are general and are not a substitute for a conversation with your machinist.  For further information, speak to a CNC machinist at AIP to get specific machining information on PVC and other performance thermoplastics.

 

Some companies machine both metals and plastics, which has detrimental outcomes for machined polymer products.  Past experiences have shown parts going to customer without cracks, only to develop surface cracks and warping over time due to exposure to metal machine shop fluids. Be sure to use a facility like AIP that only machines polymers.

 

Preventing Contamination

Contamination is a serious concern when machining polymer components for technically demanding industries such as aerospace and medical sciences. To ensure the highest level of sanitation down to the sub-molecular level, AIP Precision Machining designs, heat-treats, and machines only plastics with any sub-manufactured metalwork processed outside our facility.  This allows us to de-risk the process from metallic cross contamination.

 

PVC Machining Guide: Supportive Information

 

Quality Assurance Certifications
Miscellaneous Materials

 

Looking for more plastics machining guides on polymers with chemical resistance?

 

Read Our PCTFE Machining Guide
 

 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

The continuous service temperature, or continuous use temperature (CUT), is the maximum ambient service temperature in air that a material can withstand and maintain 50% of its initial physical properties after long-term service.

 

What is long-term service?  It’s defined as 100,000 hours of service – well over 11 years, if used 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.  The continuous use temperature property tells machinists and users what will happen to a part over the course of roughly 11 years of continuous use.  It’s the temperature at which the polymer will degrade, embrittle and start to break down.

 

It is important for the designers, engineers and users to take this measurement into consideration for CNC machining.  During the design phase, this not only helps with initial material selection, but plays a role in predicting the life span of a part.  At AIP, we take great care in providing unrivaled results to ensure the optimal dimensions and properties for machined polymers and composites.  Join us in this technical brief as we give an in-depth explanation of the continuous use temperature for machined polymers.

 

What Affects Continuous Use Temperature?

 

The base material polymer structure affects the continuous use temperature of a machined part.  The time that is involved and the loading levels that are used in the testing can affect the CUT value.  Also, additives and reinforcements should be taken into consideration.  They may have an effect on the maximum continuous use temperature value.

 

Tests to Measure Continuous Use Temperature of Plastics

 

The continuous use temperature is measured in degrees Celsius (o C) or Fahrenheit (o F).  One of the common tests used to compare different materials in terms of continuous use temperature is the Underwriter Laboratory (UL) Relative Thermal Index or RTI.

 

UL 746B

This test method is used to determine RTI values.  The RTI is based on a loss of properties of the plastic versus time. In general, when the plastic is exposed to this maximum continuous use temperature – good, long-term performance is observed. However, it does not consider short-term thermal spikes.

 

RTI gives an indication of the aging temperature that a material can endure for 100,000 hours and still retain at least half of the initial property being measured. However, different properties for materials decay at dissimilar rates. This is the primary reason why often RTI values are associated with a particular property and the related CUTs are given as a range of values rather than as a single value.

 

Determination of RTI Value

  1. Groups of test pieces are placed in ovens at four different pre-set temperatures.
  2. At specified time intervals, the test pieces are taken out of the ovens and tested for mechanical and electrical properties of interest.
  3. The results are plotted on a property versus time graph until the property that is being tested declines to 50 percent or less of its initial value.

 

In this analysis, the 50 percent value of the property is referred to as the half-life of that particular property. The half-life values are then, plotted against the reciprocal of the absolute aging temperature. This plot results in a straight line that can be extrapolated, if needed, to indicate the half-life of the property at other temperatures.

 

The results that are obtained in this testing procedure can also be compared to a material with a known aging performance.

 

Types of RTI

There are three general classes of properties that are associated with the RTI.  The three values for a particular polymer are often different from each other.  They are the following:

  • The RTI Electrical that is associated with insulating properties.
  • The RTI Mechanical Impact which is related to the impact resistance, toughness, elongation and flexibility.
  • And, the RTI Mechanical Strength that is associated with the mechanical properties or the structural integrity of the plastics.

 

Continuous Use Temperature Values for Common Polymers

 

Polymer NameMin Value (o C)Max Value (o C)
ABS – Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene-2080
PA – Nylon Polyamide, 66 30% Glass Fiber100150
PAI – Polyamide-Imides (TORLON)-196220-280
PBI – Polybenzimidazole (CELAZOLE)204540
PC – Polycarbonate, high heat100140
PE – Polyethylene, 30% glass fiber100130
PEEK – Polyetheretherketone154260
PEI – Polyetherimide (ULTEM)170170
PP – Polypropylene100130
PS – Polystyrene, high heat7590
PSU – Polysulfone150180
PTFE – Polytetrafluorethylene260
PVC – Polyvinyl chloride, rigid5080
PVDF – Polyvinylidene fluoride (KYNAR)149

 

Continuous use Temperature Does Not Define Polymer Strength

 

It is important to note that the continuous use temperature does not define a part’s ability to handle a load under a specific temperature. One material that proves this is PTFE. PTFE is an advanced thermoplastic that can handle 500 o F continuous service without breakdown. Yet, it is a soft material, which bends easily at room temperature. This property is called the heat deflection temperature (HDT), which is another important property to consider.

 

AIP: Unrivaled Precision Machining

 

Data charts can give you the Continuous Use Temperature, glass transition and other values. However, a chart can give a general idea of these values, but an entire data set with the curve of a material is the best way to determine the right material for your project.

 

Be sure to work with a plastics machining company that can provide you a wide range of data on the CUT of polymers and composites. Your sales engineer will be able to give you a detailed response on how the continuous use temperature will affect your project’s design and functionality. Talk to one our engineers at AIP about your project design, and we will work with you to provide unrivaled expertise from your project’s initial concept to completion.

 

Supportive Information

 

Certifications and Regulatory Resources

 

Our team is dedicated to providing unparalleled, quality machined polymers and composites. Learn more about the material properties we consider when working on a project.

 

Read our blog on Moisture Absorption
 

 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

Most polymers have a natural tendency to absorb water. In fact, some superabsorbent polymers are highly sought after in advanced applications for medical, construction and more. Yet, moisture absorption of thermoplastics leads to changes with regard to processing and properties.

 

It is crucial for machinists and designers to understand the moisture absorption of thermoplastics for CNC machining. During the design phase, this not only helps with initial material selection, but plays a role in predicting the life span of a part. At AIP, we take great care in providing unrivaled results to ensure the optimal dimensions and properties for machined polymers and composites. Join us in this technical brief as we give an in-depth explanation of the effects of moisture absorption for machined polymers.

 

Plastics Machining and the Importance of Water Absorption

 

Moisture / water absorption is the capacity of a plastic or a polymer to absorb moisture from its environment. Absorbed moisture sometimes acts as a plasticizer, reducing the glass transition temperature and strength of plastic (this is a reversible side effect). However, absorbed water also can lead to irreversible degradation of the polymer structure.

 

Some effects include:

  • Dimensional and mass changes (swelling) caused by water absorption
  • Extraction of water-soluble components
  • Changes in mechanical (elasticity, tensile strength, impact strength) and electrical performance

 

Water absorption is expressed as increase in weight percent or % weight gain of a plastic specimen under the following testing procedures:

  • Water Absorption 24 hrs at 23°C – Immersion of a plastic specimen in distilled water during 24 hours at 23°C
  • Water Absorption 24 hrs at 100°C– Immersion of a plastic specimen in distilled boiling water during 24 hours Water Absorption at saturation – Immersion of a plastic specimen in distilled water at 23°C.  Measurement occurs when the polymer does not absorb water anymore
  • Water Absorption at Equilibrium– Plastic specimen is exposed to a humid environment — generally at 50% relative humidity — at a specified temperature — 23°C or 73.4°F — for 24 hours

 

(Source: Omnexus)

 

Exposure to humidity, immersion and boiling water can result in different material responses. The equilibrium moisture content can be used to compare the amount of water absorbed by different types of plastics when they are exposed to moisture.

 

Plastics Processing and Properties

 

Polymers are affected by moisture from their environment or from simply sitting on a shelf waiting to be used.  This is not a huge concern, but when the moisture absorption reaches more than 1% or 2%+, this can result in enough dimensional movement to create concerns.

 

Moisture Absorption Affects:

  • Mechanical properties
  • Wear properties
  • Dimensions

 

For example, parts made from TORLON (PAI) require special attention due to a 1.7% moisture at saturation value.  While this number may not sound like much, it is enough to cause a precision machined TORLON part to exceed tolerance; in this scenario, the part cannot be used.

 

Therefore, it is important to properly package these mission critical polymers for lasting shelf-life and function.  This can be achieved in two ways:  1) Vacuum-sealing them in a moisture-impermeable layer or 2) packaging them with bags of desiccant.  This prevents moisture uptake in humid environments.

 

Tests to Measure Water Absorption of Plastics

 

Source

 

ASTM D570 – Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics

 

This test method for rate of water absorption has two main functions:

  1. A guide to the proportion of water absorbed by a material and consequently, in those cases where the relationships between moisture and electrical or mechanical properties, dimensions, or appearance have been determined, as a guide to the effects of exposure to water or humid conditions on such properties.
  2. A control test on the uniformity of a product. It is particularly applicable to sheet, rod, and tube arms when the test is made on the finished product.

 

Procedure:  Parts are dried in an oven for a specified time and temperature and then placed in a desiccator to cool.  Upon cooling, the specimens are weighed to establish a point of reference.  The material is then submerged in water at standardized conditions (usually 23°C for 24 hours or until equilibrium).  Specimens are removed from the liquid, dried and weighed.

 

What affects water absorption?

  • Type of plastic
  • Morphology (crystalline, amorphous…)
  • Type and proportion of additives, fillers and reinforcements used
  • Fiber fraction and orientation (in composites)
  • Relative humidity and temperature
  • Length of exposure

 

Water Absorption Values for Common Polymers

 

Polymer NameMin Value (% weight)Max Value (% weight)
ABS – Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene0.051.80
PA – Nylon Polyamide, 66 30% Glass Fiber0.801.10
PAI – Polyamide-Imides (TORLON)0.100.30
PBI – Polybenzimidazole (CELAZOLE)0.45
PC – Polycarbonate, high heat0.100.20
PE – Polyethylene, 30% glass fiber0.020.06
PEEK – Polyetheretherketone0.100.50
PEI – Polyetherimide (ULTEM)0.200.30
PP – Polypropylene0.010.10
PS – Polystyrene, high heat0.010.07
PSU – Polysulfone0.200.80
PTFE – Polytetrafluorethylene0.0050.015
PVC – Polyvinyl chloride, rigid0.040.40
PVDF – Polyvinylidene fluoride (KYNAR)0.030.05

 

As the chart notes, some polymers such as Nylon (PA) have a higher rate of % gain from moisture absorption.  However, polymers like PVDF and PTFE have a very low % gain in weight after the ASTM D570 test – which makes them excellent candidates for applications where moisture is a factor.

 

Performance thermoplastics are often exposed to high temperature applications (aircraft engines) which also absorb high levels of moisture.  This is common in materials such as PBI (Celazole) and PAI (Torlon), since these polymers absorb moisture at high rates but are also specified in high temperature applications.

 

Basically, what can happen is that these materials absorb the moisture if not properly stored and packaged.  Then if subject to high levels of heat without time for the moisture to dissipate, the internal moisture boils and turns to steam causing the parts to crack and blister.

 

Managing Moisture Absorption

For predictable machined part fit and performance, stock shapes and finished parts should be stored in a dry environment.  Both finished parts and stock shapes should be packed in moisture barrier packaging.  Only open packaging just prior to use.  In the event that a part may have adsorbed so much moisture as to risk shocking it when placing it in high temperature or vacuum service, consider drying the material prior to use or re-use.

 

Your machining facility will have specifications on temperature and storage procedures for all polymers, stock shapes and components.  When it comes to critical applications, work with a machine shop that has high standards for storing products.  After all, machining a polymer is only part of the entire process; wasted machining, revenue and parts is not worth risking poor storage conditions.  The table below shows some common packaging for polymers to increase and preserve shelf-life.

 

 

Generally, you can find a polymer’s 24 Hour and Saturation Moisture Absorption Values on a data chart.  A chart can give a general idea of the moisture absorption, but an entire data set with the curve of a material is the best way to determine the right material for your project.  Be sure to work with a plastics machining company that can provide you a wide range of data on the moisture absorption of polymers and composites.  Your machinist will be able to identify how moisture and humidity will affect your project’s design and functionality.  Talk to one our engineers at AIP about your project design, and we will work with you to provide unrivaled expertise from your project’s initial concept to completion.

 

Supporting Materials

Certifications and Regulatory Resources

 

Want to learn more about factors that contribute to effective CNC machining?

Read Our Blog on CLTE
 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

The last step in finishing a part is to apply an appropriate finish. Finishing a machined part can be as simple as smoothing off the burrs and other sharp edges or painting and coating the material to improve aesthetics and functionality. In the initial design phase of your project, talk to your machinist about the finishing processes to get a highly precise and extremely resilient piece.

 

AIP has over 37 years of experience machining complex components from thermoplastics. In this technical blog, we discuss putting the finishing touches on your CNC machined part, including: finishing, deburring, painting and polishing.

 

Common Finishing Techniques for CNC Machining

 

As Machined

The “as machined” part is the standard finish for the material. Many times, it has visible tools marks, but it has no additional cost to the machining process. Also, this finish has the tightest dimensional tolerances. Our standard AIP machined finish has almost no tool marks – we go the extra mile for our customers to produce unparalleled results. Taking pride in our craftsmanship and attention to detail is what makes us stand out from other CNC machine shops in the industry.

 

Deburring

Deburring involves the removal of burrs and sharp edges. A variety of tools may be used including die grinders, deburring scrapers, files and various stones.

 

Painting

Painting a finished part fulfills two requirements: 1) improves appearance (aesthetics) and 2) enhances the function of the piece.

 

Various coatings and treatments provide protection and add color to the surface of machined parts:

 

  • Plating: Chrome plating, nickel plating and other kinds of metal can be applied via plating processes.
  • Painting: Resins generally come in many different colors and can be painted to fit the exact specifications of a project.
  • Powder Coating: Powder coating adds a wear and corrosion finish to the surface of a part. It has a higher impact resistance compared to anodizing and a large range of colors are available.
  • Silk Screening: This is an inexpensive way to print text or logos on the surface of a CNC machined part. The print can be applied only to external surfaces on a part.

 

Polishing

There are several different types of polishing to finish off a machined plastic part. Here are a few of the most common methods:

 

  • Vibratory Polishing: This method uses rotating or vibrating tumblers along with a variety of media to deburr, remove tooling marks and polish parts. It is convenient for large bulk items that need polishing. Put them in a tumbler and go do something else.
  • Bead Blasting: This process uses compressed air to blast an abrasive media at the material. This method is done inside of a blast cabinet. It adds a uniform matte or satin surface finish on a machined part and removes all tool marks.
  • Filing: Filing down the edges or burrs on a small machined part is a craft, however, a good file offers efficiency. This technique is often taught to apprentice machinists.
  • Stoning: Machinists use stones and oil to deburr and knock off sharp edges that tear and snag.

 

Case Study: Making a Splash with Machined PPS

 

The finishing plays a major role in the quality, durability and utility of a machined plastic part. For our client in the theme park business, it meant reducing a water ride’s overhauls by 25 times.

 

When a popular ride experiences downtime, the negative impact on guest satisfaction is immediate. Lost interest and value in a park experience can mean loss of customers and in effect revenue. For our Florida theme park client, this was the case with their log flume coaster ride. While this ride was thrilling for its daily customers, the ride required nightly repair and part replacement. They specifically needed new wheel bushings from a more innovative material.

 

Since we had worked with this client previously, we were able to assess the project. The log flume’s passenger carts originally used bronze bushings due to their nice, soft wear, however, the speed and load of the carts generated a great deal of heat when the ride would plunge into its steep vertical drop. The moment each cart hit the cool water below, the wheel bushings would suddenly experience “shock cooling” damage.

 

Between this and the constant exposure to chemicals in the water (chlorine), the bronze bushings had a very short life cycle.

 

Our team selected Quadrant’s BG1326, a bearing-grade high-performance thermoplastic PPS.

 

PPS CNC Machining ExamplePPS has a low moisture absorption rate and can be machined to the exact tolerances necessary for clearing and shaft. With low-wear, high temperature stability and a low coefficient of friction, the chosen PPS grade proved to be an excellent fit for the log flume’s wheel bushings.

 

Our machinists at AIP worked diligently with the ride engineers to ensure the PPS bushings were built to exact specifications. The chosen method for machining the parts was precision machining. This way the components could meet the precise tolerances and finishes demanded by the speed and load of the log flume.

 

The Benefits

 

The main benefit of the machined PPS bushings was the reduction in ride downtime. The previous bronze bushings required around 25 times the overhauls of the new PPS bushings. The change in materials not only saved on maintenance and inventory costs, but improved guest satisfaction with the increase in uptime.

 

The PPS bushings also removed the potential for grease to affect seals or chemicals in the water. As a self-lubricating plastic, PPS removed the need for nightly greasing the wheel bushings. The lower energy cost of the PPS material also made for a more environmentally friendly and efficient design.

 

Preventing Contamination

 

Some companies machine both metals and plastics, which can open the door to contamination of a product. Although some sources state that most CNC machining tools can be used for both metal machining and plastic machining, this is not recommended. Past experiences have shown parts going to customer without cracks, only to develop surface warpage and cracks over time due to exposure to metal machine shop fluids.

 

Mitigate contamination by working with a facility like AIP that works solely with polymers. We ensure the highest level of sanitation down to the sub-molecular level by designing, heat-treating and machining only plastics. This allows us to eliminate the risk of metallic cross contamination.

 

Supporting Materials

 

Certifications and Regulatory Resources

 

We promise unmatched precision and unrivaled expertise at AIP.

 

Learn more about our capabilities and reach out to our machinists for a consultation on your precision machined project.

 

Discover Our Capabilities

 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

3 Tips from the Plastics Machining Pros on choosing the most suitable material for your machined polymer components

 

CNC machining produces high-end, mission critical products for many markets and industries. It allows for tight tolerances on part dimensions and complex designs. However, before the machining can happen, the design must be completely planned out with your manufacturer. In order to get the best outcome for the design, you must choose the right polymer for your precision machined project.

 

As a precision plastics machining company, we work closely with our clients on the initial design conception for their project. Specialized in understanding and envisioning how to manufacture extremely complex designs, our team can see beyond the concept through to the exact specifications and output of the finished product. We prioritize all aspects of the material selection in order to deliver the optimal machined product to fulfill your design.

 

In our latest blog series on Design for Manufacture (DFM), we discuss 3 tips for material selection to discuss with your machinist and precision polymer manufacturer.

 

Finding the Right Material

 

Material selection for your design is a critical step in the design process. Not only do you need to select a material that is suitable for your product, but also discuss with your manufacturer cost effective options. Here are some basic details to cover with your manufacturer to get the optimal material for your project:

 

#1 Define material requirements:

What is the purpose or end use of the component? This includes environment considerations – such as whether or not the material will undergo extreme temperature, pressure, chemicals or wear.

 

Some material properties to consider include the following:

 

  • Electrical properties – Does the material need to act as a dielectric (act as an insulator rather than a conductor)?
  • Mechanical properties – How strong does the material need to be?
  • Chemical Resistant – Will the material be exposed to chemicals often?
  • Wear / Friction – How durable should the material be?
  • Color – What color does the part need to be?
  • Optical properties – Does the material need to be reflective or transparent?
  • Thermal properties – How heat resistant does it need to be?
  • Flammability – How flame/burn resistant does the material need to be?
  • Standards – Does the part need to follow industry standards and regulations? Check that your machining facility has all of the proper registrations.

 

#2 Identify candidate materials:

Consider all of your options for machined polymers. Some are more suitable for the medical environment versus those that would be chosen for aviation and defense applications.

 

Speak to your machinist and manufacturer about the material options available for your project. They will have a portfolio of materials that they can assess to find the optimal and cost-effective solution for you. Additionally, be sure your manufacturer has vast experience machining the materials you are considering.

 

#3 Select the most suitable material:

You will most likely need to pinpoint the most important features of your design that you cannot compromise on (for example, mechanical performance and cost). The manufacturability and overall cost of your project will influence your material choice. For instance, the more material your part uses, the more expensive it will be. Also, specialty materials such as PEEK and VESPEL will cost more.

 

Case Study: Choosing a Life-Saving Material To Reduce Brain Surgeries

 

Choosing the right material is not only essential in the design phase, but it can be life-saving. In our experience working with the medical industry, we know our clients prioritize biocompatibility, durability and mechanical stability in machined parts for medical devices.

 

In our recent case study, we worked with Neurosurgeon Rohit Khanna to develop a device to help lower the need for additional surgeries in patients of traumatic brain injuries or strokes. The device, known as a dynamic telescopic craniotomy, holds a portion of the skull (or bone flap) and the rest of the skull together, while enabling the brain to swell and expand. The device would significantly lower the need for repeat surgeries in patients, thus lowering the chances of morbidity.

 

PEEK Product for brain surgeriesOur team of designers, engineers and machinists worked closely with Dr. Khanna to develop a prototype for the project. The parameters for the material were steep: implantable, moisture resistance, biocompatibility, sterilizable and mechanical stability under pressure. We determined that medical grade PEEK was the ideal candidate to build the prototype, since it was renowned for its ductility, long-term implantation and biocompatibility. In collaboration with Dr. Khanna, we designed a plate-like thermoplastic PEEK device that holds the bone flap together and flexes in different directions if and when the brain swells.

 

Learn more about our work with Dr. Khanna and medical grade PEEK here.

 

AIP Precision: Polymer and Composite Material Expertise

 

Man Quality Assurance testing Peek Product

 

We are proud to offer a quality assurance process that focuses on actual product quality, fast delivery and cost-effective options. Our team of machinists provide the highest level of engineering expertise from initial design conception to a finished machined component. Our facility strictly machines polymers and composites, so you know that your product will be free of contamination and impurities. Additionally, we are not bound to any one source of raw materials which provides our customers an unbiased material selection process.

 

Our skilled team has over 37 years of working with professionals and OEMs in the following industries: medical sciences, aerospace and defense, energy and specialized industrial sector. From sensitive environments to complex shapes, we precision machine parts for a wide range of applications. We assess quality at every step of the machining process, and hold ourselves to high standards. Our facility is FDA Registered, ITAR Certified, ISO 13485:2016, ISO 9001:2015 and AS9100D Certified. For this reason, we have the capabilities to take on diverse and varied projects. If you have an initial design conception for a machined plastic part, contact our team and we will be happy to offer a consultation on material selection and machining services.

 

Supporting Materials

 

Certifications and Regulatory Resources

 

 

As a precision plastics machining company for medical devices, we are FDA registered to ensure the highest quality assurance for your medical machining project.

 

Learn more about what it means to be FDA registered.

 

Read Our Blog
 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo

A discussion with the plastics pros at AIP on how the ISO 13485:2016 standard improves quality assurance for medical machined plastics.

 

What sets a quality management system (QMS) above the rest for medical device manufacturing and machining? Safety, sanitation and product integrity are, without a doubt, crucial for any plastics machining company working with materials for medical use.

 

How can you ascertain the validity of a company’s QMS?

 

One way to do this is to look for whether the machining shop is ISO 13485:2016 certified. This regulation requires that a certified organization demonstrate that their QMS is effectively implemented and maintained.

 

At AIP, we not only promise a quality assurance program, we are ISO 13485:2016 certified. As a precision plastics machining company, we have worked with medical OEMs to develop parts for critical medical devices for more than 35 years. We understand the value of a transparent QMS program through the ISO 13485:2016 certification.

 

If you are curious to know more about this certification, read on as we discuss more on the benefits of the ISO 13485:2016 certification.

 

What is the ISO 13485:2016 Standard?

 

ISO certification logoThe ISO 13485:2016 standard specifies requirements for a quality management system where an organization or company must demonstrate its ability to provide medical devices and related services that consistently meet customer and applicable regulatory requirements, such as sanitation in the work environment to ensure product safety.

It encompasses a broad range of organizations involved in the medical device industry. These include: design and development, production, storage and distribution, installation, or servicing of a medical device and associated activities.

 

How does this certification help AIP serve the medical market?

ISO 13485:2016 reflects our strong commitment to continual improvement and gives customers confidence in our ability to bring safe and effective products to the medical market.

 

We know that product durability and cleanliness are not just desirable within the medical industry, they’re essential. The ISO 13485:2016 compliance highlights our commitment to machining medical devices with quality custom plastic components.

 

We have been successfully audited by some of the most stringent OEMs in the orthopaedic and medical device industries. Our plastics are processed with strict hygienic procedures to ensure the highest level of sanitation down to the sub-molecular level.

 

At AIP, quality assurance is a norm not only for our customers but for ourselves. The ISO 13485:2016 certification is designed to integrate with our existing quality management system. With it, we can ensure our customers the highest-level of safety and performance for their medical machined parts.

 

What about AIP Precision Machining allows us to achieve ISO 13485:2016 certification?

 
“Anyone who tells you that it is not about the people is wrong,” said MacDonald. “While leadership provided the vision and desire to seek out ISO 13485:2016 certification, our dedicated team at AIP went the distance and got us over the finish line. It is our team who will maintain and continually enhance those key processes to make us better every day at meeting the needs of our valued customers.

 

Want to learn more about machining plastics for medical devices?

Read our blog on ways to ensure sterilization in plastic machined medical applications:

 

Read More

 

Follow AIP Precision Machining on Linkedin

linkedin logo